The City of Melbourne is made up of the city centre and a number of inner-city suburbs. Each suburb has its own distinctive flavor, with different businesses, dwellings and groups of people living and working there.
Carlton is one of the most dynamic and diverse suburbs the City of Melbourne’s, as well as its largest residential area. It provides for a range of activities including residential, education, cultural activities, retailing, entertainment and leisure. Carlton is the traditional home of Melbourne’s Italian community and is famous for the bustling restaurants and cafes that spill on to bustling Lygon Street.
The University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) are located in Carlton and both are expected to grow. Students comprise a significant proportion of the population, while 23 per cent of housing is public.
Leafy Parkville is home to the University of Melbourne and major hospital, research and institutional facilities, while at East Melbourne you’ll find fabulous heritage homes, two of the city’s most impressive parks as well as the world-famous Melbourne Cricket Ground.
With its quirky mix of housing types and village-like shopping hub, Kensington has won hearts for its appealing residential character, while North Melbourne is an interesting mix of houses, businesses, warehouses and small parks, with Errol Street emerging as one of the latest cool spots to sip and sup. The area also features a scattered mix of industrial and commercial land uses, and major roads, rail yards, electricity facilities, the aforementioned Flemington Racecourse, Australia’s most famous racetrack and home to the Melbourne Cup, and the Royal Agricultural Showgrounds.
Docklands is changing the look and feel of Melbourne. Docklands is the newest Melbourne suburb, located on land adjacent to Southern Cross railway station, the central city and industrial areas offers a range of entertainment, marinas, parks, public artworks, waterfront restaurants and shops, residential, research, education, technology, and business activities.
Docklands is being developed, mostly by private sector investment, with waterfront restaurants, shops, apartments, offices, businesses, technology centers, marinas, parks and public artworks.
The Port of Melbourne is Australia’s largest container and general cargo port and a major gateway to Victoria and the capital city. It operates 24 hours a day. Port Melbourne (Fishermen’s Bend) is located to the west of the central city area. Covering a significant part of the Port of Melbourne, it has more than 200 businesses establishments, and employs more than 11,000 people. Employment in the area is anticipated to expand to 20,000 people by 2020 as further industrial or commercial development occurs.
The area is home to many large manufacturers and corporations. It also has a significant cluster of aerospace-related organizations including education facilities. Commercial activity is moving from heavy manufacturing to clean high-technology manufacturing, particularly in business park environments offering the benefits of co-location and proximity to a range of research and educational establishments.
The life and soul of Southbank is the affluent, buzzing riverside promenade stretching along the south side of the Yarra River from the popular Southgate shopping and dining complex to the glittering Crown Casino. Packed with cafes, shops and restaurants, with a sprinkling of upmarket hotels, major offices, public art and swish new apartments, the promenade is a favorite place for locals and visitors to drink, dine and stroll, all the while taking in the splendid city views.
Southbank is an important cultural hub that includes the Melbourne Arts Centre, Concert Hall, National Gallery of Victoria, the Malthouse Theatre and the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art and Victorian College of the Arts. It also includes the Melbourne Exhibition Centre (informally known as Jeff’s Shed after a former premier) and the Polly Woodside Maritime Museum.
Significant and rapid residential development has occurred in Southbank in recent years, with the population skyrocketing. Housing (all of it apartments) is now the main type of occupancy in the suburb.
West Melbourne’s residential area can be characterized in a similar fashion to North Melbourne, namely it is a dynamic and complex residential and mixed-use area. It has a strong residential base of established and new dwelling stock. Commercial and industrial properties are scattered throughout the area, together with retail and community facilities.
Many areas in West Melbourne, including streetscapes and buildings, have been recognized for their heritage significance. Similar to North Melbourne, parts of West Melbourne are experiencing increasing pressure for residential development, especially in the city fringe areas. In West Melbourne, you’ll find the Melbourne Wholesale Fruit and Vegetable Market, the Coode Island petrochemical facility and the large Appleton Dock.
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